The hottest situation of China's glass container i

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The situation of China's glass packaging industry (1)

the past four years coincide with the last two years of the national implementation of the ninth five year plan and the first two years of the tenth five year plan. These four years are the four connecting years of the glass packaging industry, and the industry is also in a critical turning period. In these four years, enterprises in the glass packaging container industry have made certain achievements in adhering to the economic construction as the center, deepening enterprise reform, establishing a modern enterprise system, and improving economic benefits. The adjustment of industrial structure has made positive progress. Some enterprises have achieved asset optimization through mergers, reorganizations, acquisitions, bankruptcy and other measures, and achieved good economic benefits. The ownership structure and enterprise structure have been further adjusted, product quality has been improved, exports have increased significantly, technological progress and equipment level have been significantly improved, It has taken a firm step on the road of industrial upgrading and sustainable development, laying a solid foundation for the future take-off of the industry

1. The overall economy of the glass packaging container industry increased slightly

according to the statistical data of the National Bureau of statistics on all state-owned and non-state-owned enterprises with annual sales of 5million yuan or more in the industry, the total output of daily-use glass in China in 2002 was 6.44 million tons, an increase of 14% over 5.66 million tons in 1998, with an average annual growth rate of 3.5%; In 2002, the output of glass insulated containers was 303million, an increase of 11.8% over 271million in 1998, with an average annual growth rate of 2.95%. In these four years, the output of the industry was basically in a low-speed growth state, mainly due to insufficient effective demand and the supply structure did not adapt to the changes in market demand, but it was basically consistent with the prediction of the "Tenth Five Year Plan" development plan prepared by us

II. Further adjustment and improvement of ownership structure

although the output growth rate of the industry is not high, and the economic quality and benefit growth are not obvious, the ownership structure and regional structure of the industry have changed greatly

our glass packaging container industry is a small industry in the whole national economy, which belongs to the industry that the state pays attention to the large, releases the small and places the middle. Large and medium-sized state-owned enterprises in the industry have initially established a modern enterprise system through restructuring, reform and other forms, and a number of advantageous, dynamic and competitive enterprises have emerged. For example, Qingdao Jinghua Glass factory and Qingdao Guanghua glass factory were established as Qingdao Jinghua Glass Co., Ltd; Dezhou Jingfeng glass, Zhenhua glass and Dezhou cement plant have achieved a strong alliance and established Dezhou Jinghua group; Nanjing glass factory and Tianjin glassware factory were merged by Shandong lino group to form lino glassware group; Wuxi Hezhong glass factory and Guangdong Jiangmen glass factory were acquired and leased by Taiwan Huaxia glass company respectively; Guangdong Nanhai Huaxing Glass Co., Ltd. has purchased Guangxi Wuzhou glass factory and Hubei Daye glass factory, with an annual production capacity of 420000 tons; Aci Australia has a joint venture with Shanghai Aolian glass company, Guangdong Aolian glass company and Tianjin Glass mold company and holds absolute shares; Shandong Huapeng Glass Co., Ltd. has acquired Liaoning Liaoyang glass factory, newly built Shandong Huapeng Heze Glass Co., Ltd., etc. These are a series of measures taken by state-owned glass production enterprises to realize the optimal allocation of assets, form a large glass group, and improve the core competitiveness of enterprises. Through the adjustment of industrial ownership structure in recent years, the pure state-owned enterprises in the industry have basically withdrawn. Wholly foreign-owned enterprises, joint ventures and private economy will play an increasingly important role in the whole industry

the overall situation of the industry is that the public economy has strengthened its competitiveness in the adjustment and reform. The non-public economy, such as the individual and private sectors, has developed rapidly and played an important role in developing the economy, invigorating the market and expanding exports. Foreign capital is accelerating its entry into our industry in various forms

in the process of further adjustment and improvement of the ownership structure, the regional structure of the industry has also changed accordingly. At present, the glass packaging container industry is still an industry with excess production. The further intensification of internal competition in the industry is restricted by cost factors and national environmental protection policies. In recent years, industrial enterprises have mainly shifted to areas with cheap energy or raw materials, cheap labor, and concentrated supporting industries. The changes in the regional structure of the industry are mainly reflected in: the concentration of industrial production has increased; The production scale of enterprises has expanded, and the absolute number of enterprises with an annual production scale of more than 50000 tons has increased rapidly

in 1998, there were only about 5 enterprises with an annual output of 100000 tons, while at the end of 2002, there were about 15 enterprises with an annual output of 100000 tons or more. From this point of view, the scale of the enterprise has expanded, the anti risk ability and scale effect of the enterprise have been improved, and the degree of production intensification of the industry has been improved to a certain extent

third, the pace of technological progress in the industry has accelerated, but the overall technological progress is not obvious.

technological progress in the industry has always been a specific embodiment of industrial progress. In recent years, the overall technology of the industry has made progress. With the improvement of the level of glass machinery and equipment, the improvement of product quality in the mold and refractory industry, and the promotion and application of a series of new technologies used to improve the quality of glass melting, the technical progress of the industry has been promoted. For example, Shandong Province, the largest production area of glass containers, has introduced a new batch of advanced molding equipment and testing equipment in recent years. It has also adopted new technologies and new materials to transform and build a new batch of energy-saving and environment-friendly glass kilns, which has effectively promoted the progress of glass melting, molding and energy-saving technology of kilns. Although the industry technology has made progress, the overall technical level is quite different from that of the international industry

at present, most small and medium-sized enterprises in our industry have been restructured, and the main problems restricting the development of enterprises are weak technical force, poor basic management level, low-grade products, unstable quality and so on. The enterprise has no core competitiveness, and the profit space of general products produced is very small. It is unable to update and transform equipment and promote the technological progress of the enterprise. It is still an arduous task to promote the technological progress of the industry for a long time in the future

fourth, we began to pay attention to the adjustment of product structure, but the pace is still relatively slow.

the main purpose of product structure adjustment is to run counter to several factors: market demand, technological progress, business philosophy, etc. In recent years, in the process of product structure adjustment, our industry and some enterprises have made certain achievements. For example, Shandong Rizhao Dingxin Glass Co., Ltd. developed small glass shells a few years ago, which are now very popular, and the product supply exceeds demand. Due to the high added value of this product, although the output of the company's glass containers has declined, the enterprise efficiency has reached the best level in history. For another example, Shandong Huapeng Glass Co., Ltd. introduced advanced production lines to produce high-end products, and lino Group invested in producing a series of high value-added products around high-tech. Some small glass factories with small scale and many varieties have played a regulating role in the whole market, making the product structure of the whole industry rich and colorful. For example, Qixian County and Wenxi County in Shanxi Province have used the original certain technical foundation, combined with the energy and labor advantages of the region, to produce artificial blown glass containers and utensils, forming an export base for artificial blown glass containers and utensils. There are many such examples. It should be said that these enterprises and regions have made gratifying achievements in product restructuring

but from the perspective of our industry as a whole, the structural contradiction of products is very prominent. The problems of low-grade products and low technical content, whether it is the characterization of material properties, such as low clamping capacity and low artistic content, have not been fundamentally solved. In the glass container industry, ordinary bottles and cans are still the main products, and the grade and technical content of products are low. Most enterprises compete cruelly in the market with low level and serious surplus products

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